Spring is a crucial time for lawn and garden care, and fertilization is an essential part of maintaining a healthy and lush landscape. Proper spring fertilization can help your plants and grass thrive and reach their full potential. However, there are certain dos and don'ts that you should keep in mind to make the most of your efforts. 

Keep reading below to learn more about the dos and don'ts of fertilizing your Western North Carolina lawn this spring! 

Dos:

Test Your Soil: Before you start fertilizing your lawn and garden, it's essential to know what nutrients your soil needs. A soil test will help you determine the pH level of your soil, the levels of essential nutrients such as nitrogen, phosphorus, and potassium, and any deficiencies that your soil may have. You can purchase a soil test kit at your local garden center or have your soil professionally tested.

Choose the Right Fertilizer:  Once you know what nutrients your soil needs, choose a fertilizer that provides those nutrients. Different types of plants require different nutrients, so it's important to choose a fertilizer that is specific to the plants you are growing. For example, grass requires high levels of nitrogen, while flowering plants need a fertilizer that is high in phosphorus.

Apply Fertilizer at the Right Time: Timing is crucial when it comes to fertilizing your lawn and garden. Apply fertilizer early in the spring when your plants are starting to grow, and the soil is beginning to warm up. This will help your plants and grass to establish strong roots and encourage healthy growth. However, be sure to avoid fertilizing too early when the soil is still too cold, or too late in the spring when the weather starts to get too hot.

Water Your Lawn and Garden: After you have applied the fertilizer, it's important to water your lawn and garden thoroughly. This will help the nutrients to reach the roots of your plants and grass, where they are needed the most. Watering your lawn and garden will also help to prevent the fertilizer from burning your plants.

Use Organic Fertilizers: Organic fertilizers are an excellent option for spring fertilization. They are made from natural materials, such as animal manure or compost, and are free from harmful chemicals. Organic fertilizers also help to improve the health of your soil by adding beneficial microorganisms.

Don'ts:

Over-Fertilize: Over-fertilizing your lawn and garden can be harmful to your plants and grass. Applying too much fertilizer can lead to an imbalance of nutrients in the soil, which can cause your plants to grow too quickly or become unhealthy. Over-fertilization can also lead to the buildup of harmful chemicals in the soil, which can be harmful to the environment.

Fertilize Wet Soil:  Fertilizing wet soil can be a mistake. The fertilizer can stick to the blades of grass or the leaves of your plants, leading to burns or damage. It can also cause the nutrients to wash away in heavy rain or runoff, wasting your fertilizer and potentially harming the environment.

Use the Wrong Type of Fertilizer:  Using the wrong type of fertilizer can be ineffective or even harmful to your lawn and garden. For example, using a high-nitrogen fertilizer on flowering plants can lead to an excess of foliage growth and a lack of flowers. It's essential to choose a fertilizer that is specific to the plants you are growing.

Fertilize Newly Planted Grass or Plants:  Newly planted grass or plants don't require fertilization immediately. They need time to establish roots and get used to their new environment. Fertilizing too soon can shock the plants or cause them to grow too quickly, leading to weaker root systems and a less healthy lawn or garden.

Forget to Read the Instructions: Forgetting to read the instructions on your chosen fertilizer can bring up safety concerns or ruin your lawn. Fertilizers are all different and may have different ways they need to be applied. Be sure to read the instructions and save your lawn and garden from improper fertilization and safety hazards for yourself. 

To learn more about fertilizing your lawn,  click here

Let TPS Landscaping help!

Fertilization is important for a lush lawn and healthy plants! If you're not feeling up to doing it yourself, we can help! Head on over to our Turf Care page to learn more and contact us for a consultation!